Quicklet on Lois Lowry's The Giver

by Natacha Pavlov

What's in the book?

Quicklets: Your reading sidekick!

    • About The Giver
    • Introducing Lois Lowry
    • Overall Summary of The Giver
    • Chapters 1 - 4
    • Chapters 5 - 9
    • Chapters 10 - 14
    • Chapters 15 - 19
    • Chapters 20 - 23
    • Character List
    • Key Terms and Definitions
    • Major Themes and Symbols
    • Symbols
    • Interesting Related Facts
    • Sources
    • Additional Reading

Description

ABOUT THE BOOK

What comes to mind when you envision a perfect society? Does it consist solely of happiness and peace? Are there equal rights for everyone regardless of gender, age and/or ethnic background? What about the weather, wildlife and natural landscapes? Is there a limit to the number of children families can have, or even to how they go about producing them? Is there a fair judicial system in place?

Lois Lowry’s The Giver tells the story of such a utopian society in which twelve-year old Jonas is the main character. Although his society might at first seem perfect and balancedthere are, after all, no feelings, hunger, inequalities or painJonas eventually realizes that his community has been missing out on all that life has to offer, calling into question the very concept of “ideal.”

The Giver, Lois Lowry’s 21st novel, was published in 1993 and earned a Newbery Medal in 1994, “[becoming] an almost instant classic.” As a novel of the utopian genre written in 23 chapters and from a third-person perspective, the story follows Jonas’ life in his perfect society as he progresses from an innocent eleven-year old to a wise twelve-year-old Receiver of Memories. It is easy to wonder exactly how Lois Lowry came up with such a concept, and the truth is that “inspirations for The Giver are so varied” that it can be challenging to give a short answer. As she states in detail in her 1994 Newbery Acceptance speech, her childhood in Japan, her college years, her father’s aging and reaction to losing one of his daughters, and her parents’ attempts to adjust to constant moves all played a part in creating the storyline. In reference to her writing of The Giver, Lowry recalled, “In the beginning to write The Giver I created – as I always do, in every book – a world that existed only in my imagination – the world of ‘only us, only now.’ I tried to make Jonas’s world seem familiar, comfortable, and safe, and I tried to seduce the reader. I seduced myself along the way. It did feel good, that world. I got rid of all the things I fear and dislike; all the violence, prejudice, poverty, and injustice, and I even threw in good manners as a way of life because I liked the idea of it.”

Although Jonas’ society is clearly different from our own, Lowry was also able to leave quite a few things up to interpretation without confusing her readers. For example, it is ambiguous whether animals actually exist in Jonas’ society, while the lack of feelings and sexual attraction within his community seem to hint at the possibility of artificial insemination. Many have also been puzzled by the novel’s ambiguous conclusion, but Lowry has remained adamant about not shedding light upon the story’s ending. She states: “I really believe that every reader creates his/her own book, bringing to the written words their own experiences, dreams, wishes, passions. For me to explain everything from my own viewpoint limits that experience for the reader.”

Regardless of the interpretations, Lowry seems to have fashioned many of her novels with certain concepts in mind. As she says: “My books have varied in content and style. Yet it seems that all of them deal, essentially, with the same general theme: the importance of human connections.” She has stated that The Giver “speak[s] to the same concern: the vital need of people to be aware of their interdependence, not only with each other, but with the world and its environment.”

EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK

Amidst the moving around, married life and raising four kids, Lois eventually earned her English literature degree from University of Southern Maine in Portland in 1972. She then went on to graduate school and started to write professionally, “the thing [she] had dreamed of doing since those childhood years when [she] had endlessly scribbled stories and poems in notebooks.” Things changed on the marriage front however, and Lowry ended up divorcing from Donald in 1977.

After catching the eye of an editor with her adult short storytold from a child’s point of viewLowry was advised to write a children’s book. This resulted in her first children’s book titled A Summer to Die in 1977, inspired by the events surrounding her sister’s death from cancer in 1962. It was followed by the autobiographical Autumn Street in 1980. Around this time, Lois also met her long-time companion Martin Small, who passed away in 2011 after 30 years spent together. Her novel Number the Stars was published in 1989 and earned her her first Newberry medal in 1990, while The Giver soon followed in 1993, earning its own Newberry Medal in 1994. She currently resides in Cambridge, Massachusetts where she “lives alone and writes in a house dominated by a very shaggy Tibetan Terrier named Alfie and a funny little cat named Lulu.”

To date, Lois Lowry has written 23 novels on subjects including adoption, mental illness, cancer, the Holocaust, and futuristic societies. Her ability to mix complex subject matters with a dose of humor has earned her fans among children and young adults alike. Through her works, “the contemporary young adult reader is compelled to confront society with all of its imperfections” and she has stated “that she measures her success as an author by her ability to ‘help adolescents answer their own questions about life, identity and human relationships.’”

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